Designing your home

halloweenWith Fall upon us and winter  fast approaching, now is the perfect time to start thinking about your log or timber home project. The design service offered by Footprint Log Homes will take you through the process of designing your home so that you will be ready to start construction in the spring or summer of next year.

There are many different ways to communicate your ideas, wishes and dreams of the perfect home be it Log, Timber Frame, Swedish Cope or Hybrid ( a mixture of different materials) You may have a sketch showing the rough layout of rooms with dimensions and the square footage of the home, You may even just have a concept drawn on a napkin or as one of our clients had, a scrap book filled with ideas she had when she was a child. You may choose to pick a plan from our web site or a concept you may have seen somewhere and together we will customize it to your liking.

Whatever stage you are at the design service will help you to achieve your goal.

You will receive views in both 2 and 3D of the log/timber work and the elevations; Customizing a home does not mean more money!

Contact us for more details.

What do I need to know!

questionsTouring a model home is a great opportunity to see what a log home looks and feels like. You may be eager to visualize your ideas in your home. A log home show is also a great venue to see many different kinds of log homes all under one roof.

  1. How do heating and cooling bills compare to a regular stick built home? Log homes are naturally energy efficient, but an experienced company will be able to tell you how their logs and ceiling design will affect the temperature regulation of your log home.
  2. What is the shrinkage allowance on your companies log home? Logs shrink as they age and lose moisture. Different companies may suggest that their logs shrink less than others because of various processes they put them through. The most important thing is that the company has put some thought into allowing your home to settle in ways that will not cause major structural damage or break a window or door.
  3. How does a log home compare in the market place for re-sale? A manufacturer may have a lot to say about this but remember that it’s all about your location! If you live in an area without many log or timber homes it will be difficult to compare sales and it may suggest that your pool of potential buyers is smaller. Many of the same re-sale issues that apply to stick homes apply also to log or timber homes; unusual designs may hurt you but excellent and consistent maintenance will always give your home a boost when and if it is time to sell.
  4. What is the maintenance required for a log home? The sales person will give you a sense of the seasonal tasks to perform to make sure you home is standing up to the elements and will continue to do so.
  5. How often will I have to re-stain the outside? There is a difference between a full re-satin and a touch-up. Most likely you’ll only need to fully re-satin the logs after several years but more important than counting the years is knowing what logs look like when they need to be re-stained or when a simple touch-up will do.
  6. Do I need to stain or treat the inside of the logs? Most of the important treatment to your logs will be done on the outside but it is personal preference regarding the inside unless there is water or other damage done during construction.. Remember, if you do stain the inside make sure the stain is designed for INTERIOR use.
  7. Will I need to chink my home? This depends on the style log you choose. Typically a Swedish Cope or Hand Crafted log home will need to be chinked but other versions of the milled double tongue and groove logs do not. However, some home owners choose to chink their homes for the aesthetic look, even if it is not necessary.
  8. What should I do about the ‘Checks’ (cracks) in the logs? Checks allow water to settle inside the wood, eventually causing the wood to rot. If the check is on the upper side of the log this should be filed with caulking to make them watertight again. The ones on the underside of the log are not as important as the water should run over, however, you may choose to do those also.

    Now is the time to think about the long term big picture; this is most likely the biggest investment you will make.

A guide to building your log or Timber Home

A log or timber frame home depends on two essential factors:
A high quality product and outstanding customer service. You need both to successfully achieve the home of your dreams.
Duncanwoods and Footprint Log Homes is comprised of a group of highly experienced professionals who have valuable experience in the log home industry and are focused on providing a high quality product. Along with the excellent customer service, you have a winning combination.
Our team not only designs and engineers your home to meet your aesthetic and practical needs but also deals with site-specific issues such at seismic conditions, snow loads, wind velocity, energy requirements, local building codes and much more.
‘What would we want from a log home company?
Quality, Advice and Guidance.
You will find answers in our Log and Timber home PDF download that has been designed to guide you along the way!

2 cost saving tips

Are you wasting water waiting for the water to get hot before you can take a shower In the morning? On Demand water heaters also know as tank less water heaters are gaining popularity with new home owners.

Geo thermalGeothermal energy is thermal energy generated and stored in the earth. Geo thermal can be expensive to install but will give you a good return on your investment in your energy bills in the years to come.

Controlling the temperature in your home

hot and cold

While logs are an excellent insulator, your home will need a little help to keep it at and ideal temperature in both summer and winter.

Cooling in the summer:

  • Ceiling fans are still a good option but it seems that summers are getting hotter and they don’t always have the desired effect, especially if your bedroom is in the loft.. heat rises! A window fan or air conditioner can be noisy.
  • Are you heating/cooling the whole house when you are only using one or two rooms? Think about a mini split ducted heating and cooling system rather than one for the whole house.
  • Extend your roof line to protect the logs. This does two things, it helps to  keep the summer sun at bay and allows the sun in to the room in the winter when the sun is lower in the sky.
  • Ceiling fans in the loft if turned to reverse will bring the hot air down thus cooling the upstairs. this can work in reverse in the winter taking some of the warm air up.

Heating in the winter:

  • A popular heating system is Radiant floor, this heats evenly and does not blow air and dust around the house as with a forced air system.
  • Wood stove V fireplace. while a fire place insert looks lovely it is not as efficient (in my opinion) as the cozier looking woodstove.
  • Windows and doors are common places for heat loss; make sure you have no air infiltration there.
  • Electric boxes on external walls are also areas that need to be sealed properly during construction.
  • Orient your house to take advantage of the sun in winter.
  • Window screens are a necessity in the summer to keep bugs out but often darken the room to a degree; taking them out in the winter when we don’t open the windows often will let more light in during those grey days of winter. I would however, recommend leaving a couple in, incase you do need to open a window.

Planning your Dream Home

planningFrom the time you make your initial contact with us, we are working with you to achieve your dream home in the most efficient and cost effective manner possible.

When it comes to designing the perfect home, most of us need a little help.

  • Think about your lifestyle and personal requirements.
    • Do you have hobbies that would need their own space?
  • Do you need an attached garage or one that is connected by a covered breezeway?
    • This could be large enough to accommodate the pantry and laundry.
  • How about a mud room to throw off your dirty boots in the winter, or even wash the dog!
  • How many bedrooms and bathrooms. Consider building on a walkout basement and put an extra bedroom and bath down there thereby reducing the need for a larger footprint to accommodate the extra bed and bath on the main floor.
  • Think about separating the master bedroom from the guest bedrooms with the living/great room in between, giving you separation from other family members or guests.
  • How much storage do you need? It seems we never have enough and don’t forget the laundry and  broom closets!!

Imagine walking through your house, What would you add to improve the quality of life? If this is your retirement home, think about eliminating stairs by building a single story ranch style home. If you need wheelchair accessibility we will draw plans to meet ADA compliance! These are all things to think about during the design phase.

Lastly, get the outside of the house the way you want it to look and compromise on the inside furnishings if budget is an issue, these can be upgraded at a later date, it will be more costly and difficult to change the outside appearance.



Choosing your Contractor

GCSelecting the log home producer who will supply your home is one thing; however a good quality product is only as good as the team that builds it. Research thoroughly for the skilled team who will handle the job to complete your “Dream Home”. Here are a few tips to guide you along the way:

  • Your local log home dealer will offer you a list of General Contractors and Subs that have been used before.
  • Make sure that those recommended are familiar with the log profile you have chosen; someone who only does “hand scribed log” may not be the person to erect a milled log and visa versa.
  • Customer recommendations – Even more valuable than the dealer recommendations are the names of their previous customers. They will tell you how the job was handled and express any concerns/praises they experienced.
  • Visit contractors current job sites, if he’s not currently erecting a home you may ask why!!
  • Check out references; ask homeowners if there were any hidden extra costs.
  • Ask for details of workman’s compensation insurance including that of the subs. The local building authority will advise on local licenses that are required.
  • Consider being your own General Contactor (GC) – first ask yourself do you have the time, knowledge and experience to manage the project. Beware also that some banks may not fund a project without a formal qualified GC.

Finding the right GC and Subs, is one of the most important element of the home. No matter how good the log producer’s product is it will only be as good as the efforts put in by the contractors to erect it. Choose wisely; interview at least two GC’s, make sure that these are people who you are able to communicate and work with for the coming months. Remember it’s not all down to cost, if a GC claims to be considerably cheaper than another ask your self WHY!!. Similarly most contractors are booked for months ahead, if you find one with a hole in his schedule you may see a “Red Flag” Ask why!!

Finally timing is of the essence – if you go to the bother of organizing your home supplier months before delivery of the home, why wait until the last-minute to lock in a GC, you may then only get what’s left and not the “cream of the crop”. The two processes should be done in tandem to avoid pitfalls. liaise with your log home dealer right from the start; if they are good in their business they know the quality of what’s out there.

History of the Log Home

log home

Historically log cabin construction has its roots in Scandinavia and Eastern Europe. Although their origin is uncertain, the first log structures were probably being built in Northern Europe in the Bronze Age (about 3500 BC) The European log construction has undergone an evolutionary process from the crude small gable roof cabin of round logs with an opening in the roof to vent the smoke, to the more sophisticated squared logs with interlocking double notch joints with timber extending out beyond the corners. Log saunas or bath houses of this type are still to be found in rural Finland. By stacking tree trunks one on top of another and overlapping the logs at the corners, people made the ‘Log Cabin’. they developed interlocking corners by notching the logs at the ends, resulting in strong structures that were easier to make weather-tight by inserting moss or other soft material into the joints. As the original coniferous forest extended over the coldest parts of the world there was a prime need to keep these cabins warm. The insulated properties of solid wood were a great advantage over a timber frame construction that was covered with animal skins, boards or shingles. Over the decades, increasingly complex joints were developed to ensure more weather-tight joints between the logs but the profiles were still largely based on the round log. Log construction was especially suited to Scandinavia, where tall tree trunks (Pine and Spruce) are readily available. With suitable tools, a log cabin could be erected from scratch by the family in a few days. As no chemical reaction was involved, such as the hardening of  mortar, a log cabin could be erected in any weather or season. The earliest recorded North American log home was built by the Swedes who settled in Pennsylvania in 1638. Subsequently. log home building techniques were improved by German settlers. As the West was settled, log homes were erected all over as symbols of the frontier spirit. Along with the refugees produced by the War of Independence, the log home spread to Canada and there the abundance of building material and severe cold made them spread quickly to become scattered all over wooded areas. Along with the industrialization of society in the 19th Century, logs were, to a large extent, replaced by building materials that could be massed produced in sawmills and towns took on a different appearance. However, log homes remain strongly associated with the North American identity and now they are undergoing a kind of revival in the form of country residences and mountain cabins. Today, construction of modern log cabins and leisure homes is a fully developed industry.

Courtesy of Wikipedia.